Correct and complete marking of packages helps to prevent incorrect handling, accidents, incorrect delivery, losses of weight and volume and Customs fines.
Marking must be clear and precise. Its color should stand out clearly from that of the package; black RAL 9005 paint is used. Alternatively, it may also be applied on adhesive labels. Black symbols on a white background should be used. Both when the marking is applied directly onto the package and when adhesive labels are used, care must be taken to ensure that marking is applied in a legible and durable manner.
Adequate marking is an indispensable component of the package. If the marking is at variance with the details on the shipping documents, objections may be raised by the Customs authorities. Damage can result from inadequate handling marking.
Complete marking must comprise the following three parts as laid down in DIN 55 402
The shipping mark:
The information mark:
The handling instructions:
"Handling marks" help to ensure that greater care is taken with cargo handling and storage. It must be possible to tell,
The symbols for package handling instructions are internationally standardized in ISO 780 and in DIN 55 402. These symbols must never be omitted as they are self-explanatory and so overcome language problems in international transport operations. Handling symbols can be applied using templates, stamps, embossing or branding (with the exception of slinging marks).
Written text must run parallel to the bottom edge of the package. It must be readable when the package is in its normal transport position. All labeling should use Arabic numerals and uppercase alphabetic letters. The size of the letters will depend on the amount of space available. Letter sizes of 12.5 mm, 25 mm, 45 mm, 70 mm or 100 mm are used by choice. The letters and numerals of the shipping mark must be larger than any other text markings. All letters and numerals must be smaller than the pictorial symbols applied to the package. Text characters should be applied with templates wherever possible.
In the case of goods which are shipped partially packaged, the markings must be applied directly to the packaged goods. The marking and the packaged goods must have different color tones. It is also possible to attach plywood, plastic or metal plates to the packaged goods in such a way that they do not become detached.
Plywood plates must always use weatherproof glue. Marking using templates is to be preferred.
Markings must be applied to at least two sides of a package and on rough-sawn lumber, the letter size must be at least 20 mm. Markings on all four sides considerably facilitate transport and handling.
The surfaces on which the markings are applied must be such that the resulting text is unbroken and easily read. The markings must correspond to the shipping documents.
Only those handling instructions are permitted that are required by the packaged goods.
Old markings must be completely erased.
Figure 111: Example of markings on a box
Table 15: Shipping mark and information mark
Table 16: Standardized handling instructions