1.4.4  Loads caused by oscillations/vibrations [German version]

Loads arising from oscillation and vibration occur during every transport. On the one hand, these result in vertical acceleration forces (see static loads), and, on the other, such vibrations can damage the packaged goods. Vibration-damping elements must be incorporated in the case of sensitive goods. As far as load securing is concerned, vertical oscillations reduce the friction between the loading surface and the package.