Packaging is fit for purpose if it ensures that the packaged goods arrive at the recipient undamaged, taking into consideration the shipping loads, shipping distance, shipping duration and the transport load profile. Packaging that is fit for purpose in this sense will be deemed ’suitable‘ in the context of the DTV Cargo Insurance Conditions.
The following terms must be specified in order to define the term "fit for purpose" with respect to wooden packaging:
Packaging: Umbrella term covering all packaging containers and packaging aids (DIN 55405 Part 5).
Packaging container: Type of packaging (in this case, manufactured from lumber), that encloses or binds together the packaged goods to allow them to be transported, handled or stored (DIN 55405 Part 3).
Packaging material: Material from which packaging containers or packaging aids are manufactured (DIN 55405 Part).
Packaged goods: Goods which are packaged to allow them to be transported, handled or stored.
Package: The packaging containing the packaged goods.
Shipping load: Effect of all external, mechanical, climatic and biotic influences on the package or packaged goods during shipping. These loads are sometimes known as transport, handling and storage loads.
Stress: The result of the action of loads on the packaging or packaged goods.
Shipping distance: Distance travelled by the package between the consignor to the consignee.
Shipping duration: The time between handing over the package to the transport company to its arrival at the consignee.
Means of transport: Truck, rail, inland vessel, ocean-going vessel or aircraft.
Transport load profile: Means of transport used or combination of different means of transport.
Concepts that have been used previously, such as "seaworthy packaging" or "ordinary commercial packaging" are not defined and are replaced by the term "fit-for-purpose packaging". Packaging cannot be designed to suit the stresses that will be encountered unless these stresses have been defined beforehand during the packaging planning phase. Packaging is subject to different stresses depending on the means of transport used and the distance the package is transported. This fact means that all packaging is individual.
However, it also assumes that adequate information is exchanged between the client and the contractor (packager).
If manufacture of the packaging is not outsourced, in other words if the packaging is manufactured in-house, such information must be exchanged between the departments concerned. Certain responsibilities devolve upon the parties involved:
Function of wooden, fit-for-purpose packaging for shipping
In respect of wooden packaging, functions specific to shipping are described in terms of four individual functions: