Waxed paper [German version]

Table of contents

General:
Product information
Packaging
Transport
  Container transport
  Cargo securing


Risk factors and loss prevention:
Temperature Odor
Humidity/Moisture Contamination
Ventilation Mechanical influences
Biotic activity Toxicity / Hazards to health
Gases Shrinkage / Shortage / Theft
Self-heating / Spontaneous combustion Insect infestation / Diseases




Product information

Product name

German Wachspapier
English Waxed paper
French  
Spanish Papel de cera
CN/HS number * 4811 40 00


(* EU Combined Nomenclature/Harmonized System)



Product description

Waxed paper is a base paper coated with paraffin or microcrystalline waxes. This base paper is generally wood-free and has a basis weight of 35 - 45 g/m².


Quality / Duration of storage

Depending upon the type of coating, a distinction is drawn between paper which has a layer of wax on the surface only and paper which is completely impregnated with wax. Surface-coated paper is primarily water-repellent, but can still absorb small quantities of water. The completely impregnated paper is considered waterproof. Waxed papers are impermeable to aroma.


Intended use

Waxed paper is used for packaging foodstuffs (bread, sweets), metal goods (razor blades) and the like.


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Packaging

Waxed paper is packaged, among other things, in solid wooden boxes.


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Transport

Symbols

Symbol, general cargo

General cargo



Means of transport

Truck, ship, railroad


Container transport

Subject to compliance with limits for the water content of goods, packaging and flooring, waxed paper may be transported in standard containers.


Cargo handling

It is imperative that waxed paper be protected from moisture (rain, snow etc.) during cargo handling, as there is a risk of damage caused by swelling.

In the event of incorrect handling during loading, unloading and storage, there is always a risk that the relatively mechanically sensitive goods will be damaged by snagging.


Stowage factor

1.15 m³/t (waxed paper in a solid wooden box with steel strapping) [1]



Stowage space requirements

cool, dry


Segregation

If necessary, marker pen/oil crayon (preferred)


Cargo securing

The boxes must be secured by a tight or frictional fit such that they cannot move freely in the hold or container and thus also cannot be damaged


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Risk factors and loss prevention

RF Temperature

Waxed paper requires particular temperature, humidity/moisture and possibly ventilation conditions (SC VI) (storage climate conditions).

Most favorable travel temperature range: 0 - 25°C [1]

Optimum travel temperature: 20°C [1]

Temperatures may also briefly dip below 0°C during cargo handling.

Attention must be paid to the melting temperature of the coating. Paraffin-coated paper must be protected from temperatures of > 45°C, as the melting point of paraffin is between 50 and 60°C. The melting point of microcrystalline waxes is between 60 and 80°C, so wax-coated paper must not be exposed to temperatures > 55°C.


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RF Humidity/Moisture

Waxed paper requires particular temperature, humidity/moisture and possibly ventilation conditions (SC VI) (storage climate conditions) .

Designation Humidity/water content Source
Relative humidity 65 - 70% [1]
Water content 5 - 9% (in relation to waxed paper) [1]
Maximum equilibrium moisture content 70% [1]


Waxed paper must be protected from excessive relative humidity and moisture (seawater, rain, condensation water). Exposure to moisture results in swelling and waviness of the paper. Due to the presence of water-soluble binders in the coating, moistened batches of coated papers have a tendency to block once dry.


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RF Ventilation

Waxed paper requires particular temperature, humidity/moisture and possibly ventilation conditions (SC VI) (storage climate conditions) .

Recommended ventilation conditions: air exchange rate: 6 changes/hour (airing), if the dew point of the external air is lower than the dew point of the hold air.


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RF Biotic activity

This risk factor has no significant influence on the transport of this product.


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RF Gases

This risk factor has no significant influence on the transport of this product.


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RF Self-heating / Spontaneous combustion

Since waxed paper is a flammable material it should be protected from sparks and smoking must be strictly prohibited.

Unlike CO2, water and foam cause considerable cargo losses due to wetting and swelling when used as fire-extinguishing agents.


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RF Odor

Active behavior Waxed paper does not release any odor.
Passive behavior Waxed paper is sensitive to unpleasant and/or pungent foreign odors.



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RF Contamination

Active behavior Waxed paper is a clean cargo.
Passive behavior Waxed paper must in particular be stowed away from colorants, acids, chemicals and fats/oils. Wax-coated paper must not come into contact with fats, as the waxes are soluble in fats. Physiological suitability for food use must be ensured as waxed papers are often also used for packaging foodstuffs and similar products.



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RF Mechanical influences

Waxed paper is insensitive to static loads, but is sensitive to impact. The risk of damage is greatest during cargo handling. Since exposure to moisture reduces mechanical strength, the product must be kept absolutely dry.


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RF Toxicity / Hazards to health

This risk factor has no significant influence on the transport of this product.


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RF Shrinkage / Shortage / Theft

This risk factor has no significant influence on the transport of this product.


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RF Insect infestation / Diseases

This risk factor has no significant influence on the transport of this product.


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