|2 Construction recommendations
2.1 Site selection
During initial planning of any high-security truck park, it is recommended that a number of aspects are taken into account with respect to the possibilities for securing the site and ensuring that operation of the site is free of problems. These may include, for example:
|Easy vehicle access with good connections to the trunk road network
|Distance to the local police station responsible (short response times)
|Topographical suitability. The site should be as flat as possible and provide good visibility from all sides. Sites on slopes and stretches of water (streams, ponds) on the site or in the vicinity of the boundaries of the site should therefore be avoided. Topographic conditions such as these may restrict the possibilities for securing the site or increase the costs disproportionately.
|Potential sources of disruption, risks and hazards that may emanate from the environment, such as:
|Risk of flooding
|Sports facilities with high visitor numbers
|Areas of high criminality
|Electricity pylons or lighting masts that cannot be removed
|Inadequate power supply
Taking account of these issues helps to reduce the costs of constructing a high-security truck park and to mitigate the risks of using it. The requirements with respect to the necessary physical security measures could, for instance, be more demanding if the truck park were directly adjacent to a stretch of water.
Rapid access to and from the trunk road network reduces the risk of criminal activity.
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2.2 Design of the site
The site must be adequately surfaced to ensure that vehicles and pedestrians can negotiate it without difficulty. This can for instance be achieved using concrete slabs or paving stones dimensioned sufficiently to withstand the expected axle weights.
Figure 2: Sufficiently dimensioned surfacing
Copyright: Autohof Wörnitz GmbH & Co. KG
2.2.2 Parking bays / markings
The parking bays should be clearly and unambiguously demarcated using suitable abrasion-resistant zone marking paint.
It is recommended that the markings are also used to define the distances between the sides of the vehicles. This should be at least 200 cm. Deviations from this distance regulation are permitted if the gaps between the sides of the vehicles are subject to CCTV surveillance and suitably illuminated. The requirements with respect to the lighting equipment (e.g. halogen, infra-red) must be matched to the camera requirements for day and night operation and for varying weather conditions. Attention is also drawn to the requirements in section. 3.7 (CCTV surveillance).
The aim of these recommendations is to allow the truck park to be monitored efficiently by the security staff.
Abrasion-resistant zone markings help to reduce the maintenance outlay for the parking bay markings and help to enforce parking discipline with a view to optimum surveillance of the trucks.
2.2.3 Traffic areas
The traffic areas should be dimensioned in such a way as to allow vehicles and pedestrians to use the truck park without danger and to avoid damage arising from maneuvering vehicles as far as possible.
Depending on the size of the trucks, maneuvering can cause damage to the physical security equipment, such as the fencing. Traffic areas of adequate dimensions reduce the incidence of such damage and maintain the integrity of the security equipment.
No trees, bushes etc. should be planted and any existing vegetation of this type should be removed. They provide potential perpetrators with cover and can restrict the possibilities for visual surveillance of the site. They also cast shadows which interfere with the illumination of the site.
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2.3 Sanitary facilities
Sufficient toilets and washing/showering facilities should be provided on the high-security site to adequately cater for the capacity of the truck park.
In order to avoid attacks on truck drivers outside the high-security truck park and in order to reduce the number of pedestrians in the access areas, sufficient sanitary facilities are required inside the high-security area.
2.4 Waiting zone
Waiting zones should be set up outside the dual access gate system for truck drivers and crew waiting to be checked in.
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